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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

3 edition of Diagnosis and management of pathologic fractures found in the catalog.

Diagnosis and management of pathologic fractures

Diagnosis and management of pathologic fractures

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  • 1 Currently reading

Published by Raven Press in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Fractures, Spontaneous.,
  • Fractures, Spontaneous -- diagnosis.,
  • Fractures, Spontaneous -- therapy.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statementeditors, Joseph M. Lane, John H. Healey.
    ContributionsLane, Joseph M., 1939-, Healey, John H., 1952-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRD101 .D55 1993
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 176 p. :
    Number of Pages176
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1741713M
    ISBN 100781700620
    LC Control Number92048561

      Unlike fractures of normal bone, pathologic fractures occur during normal activity or minor trauma due to the weakening of bone by disease. Conditions associated with pathologic fractures .   An overview of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and therapeutic options for bone metastases in general, issues related to pathologic fractures in Paget disease and in patients with a primary bone tumor such as osteosarcoma, and the use of radiation therapy for the management of painful bone metastases without a pathologic.

    The general consideration of fractures to include the diagnosis, management and final results, probably concerns the medical profession as much as any one thing in medicine. Pathological fractures obviously are of equal interest. Among all cases, about 50% of vertebral fractures and 3% of hip fractures are pathologic. And it is estimated that pathologic fractures occur in 8% to 30% of patients with bone metastases. Normally, 50% of pathologic fractures happen in the femur and 15% of them happen in the humerus.

    Terminology. The term pathological fracture is usually reserved for malignancies, either benign or malignant, although it has been used in the setting of can be used in the setting of generalized metabolic bone disease (e.g. Paget disease, osteopetrosis), although the term insufficiency fracture is probably more correct 4. Pathology. Fractures through abnormal bone are called “pathological” fractures. Probably the most common cause of this is an underlying tumor, either benign or malignant. However, almost any underlying process of bone that weakens the bone can lead to a pathological fracture.


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Diagnosis and management of pathologic fractures Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book provides a concise review of the evaluation, diagnosis, and management of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs), presenting evidence-based, best practice management as well as the cost-effectiveness of non-surgical and surgical treatment of VCFs for informed decision-making.

Diagnosis and Management of Pathologic Fractures: Medicine & Health Science Books @ Diagnosis and Management of Pathologic Fractures.

The focus is not limited to a particular cause of pathologic fractures, as in other books on osteoporosis and Paget's disease. Nor is it. Offers comprehensive guidance on the diagnosis and management of the most common pathologic fractures seen by orthopaedists in daily practice.

These are fractures caused by such disorders as osteoporosis, Paget's disease, metastatic cancer, and primary malignant and benign tumours. Pathologic fractures occur in 8% to 30% of patients with bone metastases.

Proximal long bones are involved more commonly than Diagnosis and management of pathologic fractures book bones; consequently, 50% of pathologic fractures occur in the femur, and 15% occur in the humerus (Fig.

The femoral neck and head are the most common locations for pathologic fracture because of the. Limb Salvage Management of Pathologic Fractures of Primary Malignant Bone Tumors for treating pathological fracture at diagnosis in children and adolescents with localized high grade.

Pathological fractures of the spine are a significant source of morbidity and a major public health concern. Insufficiency fractures due to osteoporosis and mechanical instability with or without neurological compression due to malignancy can dramatically reduce a person's quality of life.

Pathologic fractures don’t always have symptoms. When they do, they share the same symptoms as an injury-related fracture.

These include: mild to severe pain near the broken bone. An overview of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and therapeutic options for bone metastases in general, issues related to pathologic fractures in Paget disease and in patients with a primary bone tumor such as osteosarcoma, and the use of radiation therapy for the management of painful bone metastases without a pathologic.

Spinal Compression Fractures in Osteoporotic and Pathologic Bone is ideal for orthopaedic trauma, spine, and neurosurgeons. The book is also intended for endocrinologists, rheumatologists, interventional radiologists, physiatrists, anesthesiologists, primary care physicians, and other practitioners who manage and treat patients with osteoporosis.

Pathological spinal fractures usually cause severe pain or progressive neurological deficits, hence, prevention of pathological fractures is a primary goal in the management of spinal metastasis.

1) However, diagnosis of spinal metastasis is frequently delayed, since the onset of symptoms occurs following neural tumor invasion or the. The final diagnosis of a pathologic fracture was made by pathologic confirmation (n = 59) or inspection of the fracture site during surgery (n = 8) and by clinical and imaging follow-up in patients who were not considered appropriate candidates for surgery owing to their general conditions or short life expectancy (n = 31).

This practical handbook covers the diagnosis and management of fractures in adults and children. Each chapter is organized as follows: Epidemiology, Anatomy, Mechanism of Injury, Clinical Evaluation, Radiologic Evaluation, Classification, treatment, Complications.

Section 1 also covers Multiple Trauma, Gunshot Wounds, pathologic and periprosthetic fractures, and orthopedic analgesia. Get this from a library. Vertebral compression fractures in osteoporotic and pathologic bone: a clinical guide to diagnosis and management.

[Afshin E Razi; Stuart H Hershman;] -- Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are the most common type of fracture secondary to osteoporosis.

These fractures are associated with significant rates of morbidity and mortality and annual. Abstract. Pathologic fractures occur in areas of bone weakened by a variety of processes; however, the term is most often meant to describe fractures occurring in the setting of a neoplastic process, which will be the focus of this chapter.

reduction and intramedullary fixation of pathologic fractures and supports their continued use. In the treatment of pathologic long-bone fractures caused by metastatic disease, the operating surgeon Table 1 Age, Gender, Histologic Diagnosis, Location of Pathologic Fracture(s), Method of Fixation, Use of.

Pediatric Pathologic Fractures • Some diagnoses do not require surgery rather the management can be dictated by fracture pattern and typical management for the fracture pattern in absence of tumor • If there is any concern of malignant lesion referral to an orthopaedic oncologist should be made immediately prior to any advanced.

It also includes chapters on the management of specific fracture types, such as acetabular, femoral head (Pipkin), and femoral neck fractures, as well as traumatic hip dislocations, and pathological fractures due to osteoporosis or tumors.

This book is part of the series Fracture Management. A pathologic fracture is a bone fracture caused by weakness of the bone structure that leads to decrease mechanical resistance to normal mechanical loads. This process is most commonly due to osteoporosis, but may also be due to other pathologies such as: cancer, infection (such as osteomyelitis), inherited bone disorders, or a bone a small number of conditions are commonly.

14 Pathologic fractures of the major long bone are common and have dramatic physical and psychological consequences for patients. 15 In the evaluation of a suspicious pathologic fracture, the. Pathological fracture risk (Mirels classification) Dr Daniel J Bell and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

Mirels classification is a system used to predict the highest risk of pathological fracture among long bones affected by metastases, and is based on site, location, matrix and/or presence of pain. In other words, the terms "fracture" and "osteoporosis" documented on the same record do not equate to a diagnosis of "pathological fracture." A physician must clearly document this cause-effect relationship with terms such as "osteoporotic fracture", "fracture due to/associated with osteoporosis", or similar language.Stress Fractures in Athletes focuses on the presentation, evaluation and treatment of these injuries.

Divided into two sections, the first part provides in-depth description of the pathophysiology, epidemiology and biomechanics of stress fractures, as well as a discussion of classification, imaging and some general treatment concepts.